18.This report is divided into four substantive chapters. Chapter 2 examines withdrawal rules and focuses primarily on issues of governance, citizens` rights and financial management. Chapter 3 deals with transitional or enforcement provisions. Chapter 4 analyses the protocol on Ireland and Northern Ireland. Finally, Chapter 5 assesses the political declaration that defines the framework for future relations between the European Union and the United Kingdom. Immediately after the announcement of a revised withdrawal agreement on October 17, 2019, Labour, the Liberal Democrats and the DUP said they could not support the new agreement.  10.Am 28 February 2018, the European Commission published the first draft withdrawal agreement between the European Union and the United Kingdom, which finally transposed the December joint report. An amended text was published on 19 March, highlighting the areas of convergence and disunity using green, yellow and white coding9. The statement by Her Majesty`s Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland refers to the application of the “Democratic Approval in Northern Ireland” provision of the Protocol on Ireland and Northern Ireland. The 599-page withdrawal agreement covers the following main areas: The political declaration clearly shows that the free movement of persons will end. In the statement, both parties commit to the objective of visa exemption for short-term visits and propose that similar rules apply to students, exchanges or researchers. However, there is no obligation for citizens who wish to live and work in both legal orders in the long term. The agreement defines the goods, services and processes associated with them.
Any provision of goods or services legally put on the market before leaving the EU may be made available to consumers in the UK or in the EU Member States (Article 40-41). The 2019 revisions also adapted elements of the political declaration and replaced the word “appropriate” with “appropriate” with respect to labour standards. According to Sam Lowe, a trade fellow at the Centre for European Reform, the amendment excludes labour standards from dispute resolution mechanisms.  In addition, the Equal Competition Mechanism has been postponed from the legally binding withdrawal agreement to the political declaration, and the line of the political statement that “the United Kingdom will consider taking into account alignment with trade union rules in the relevant areas” has been removed.  On 22 October 2019, the House of Commons agreed, by 329 votes to 299, to give a second reading to the revised withdrawal agreement (negotiated by Boris Johnson earlier this month), but when the accelerated timetable it had proposed did not receive the necessary parliamentary support, Johnson announced that the legislation would be paused.   The final text of the withdrawal agreement signed in Brussels and London on 24 January 2020 and the Council`s (EU) 2020/135 decision on the conclusion of the withdrawal agreement, adopted yesterday, have been published.